Eucomis – Pineapple Flowers, Pineapple Lilies

Eucomis is a genus of the Scilloideae subfamily within the Asparagaceae family and contains approx. 10 members. Most of them are native to South Africa. Only Eucomis zambesiaca can also be found in Malawi and Zimbabwe.

The commonly known as Pineapple Flowers or Pineapple Lilies plants are related to Ornithogalum species.

Eucomis bicolor
The flowers of Eucomis bicolor

The flowers of some species have an unpleasant smell. Which helps them to be pollinated by flies. Flowering time is from june to october. The flowers can last for 6 weeks or more.

Propagation can be done with seeds, leaf cuttings or offsets.

Eucomis leaf cutting
Leaf cutting with baby bulb from Eucomis autumnalis

The members of the genus Eucomis are suitable for sunny to light shaded places. They go dormant during winter.

Species

Eucomis autumnalis
Eucomis autumnalis
Eucomis bicolor
Eucomis bicolor
Eucomis vandermerwei
Eucomis vandermerwei

A complete species list can be found on the KEW page.

Other plants
Eucomis seedling
Eucomis autumnalis seedling